Virtual Water Trade in the Middle East

Virtual Water Trade in the Middle East

Many countries around the world have been inadvertently implementing a virtual water strategy for many years simply because the volume of drinking water available for local food production has not been enough to meet growing demands (Wichelns 2001).

Based on Allan (1997), the water scarce Center East region may be for more than a decade relying on the global freshwater surplus to balance its deficit and achieve drinking water protection for its economies via digital water industry. Clearly North America   green technology    is by far the greatest digital water exporter within the world, while Central and South Asia constitutes the greatest virtual drinking water importer.

Central and South Asia is the largest area in terms of population, so food demand is higher than in the other regions, which explains the high virtual drinking water import into this region. As for that Center East region, it is just a net importer of virtual drinking water (30.3 Gm3/yr). It imports virtual water in agricultural plants primarily from North America (12.1 Gm3/yr), whilst its export activity is primarily inter-regional (5.13 Gm3/yr).

Syria is really a net exporter of virtual water (264 – 609 M3/capita), but in most nations, including Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestinian Authority, virtual water has been imported independent of a clear and holistic national water management technique. While external water assets had been being sought unintentionally, existing drinking water resources had been being exploited inefficiently and unsustainably, especially within the agricultural sector.

Only Jordan and Israel have created conscious policy choices to reduce or abandon exports or nearby manufacturing of water intensive plants and replace them by imports or greater return plants to allow optimization of drinking water use (Hoekstra and Hung 2005). Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority are possible digital drinking water importers, while Iraq, Syria and Lebanon are potential exporters.

As this kind of, Lebanon appears to become the only nation that isn’t assuming the possible part in virtual industry Except for Israel and Jordan, who are already functioning on managing their scarce water assets efficiently, countries in the Middle East can seriously advantage from the concept of virtual drinking water trade by very first managing their drinking water sector locally through proper policy setting.

The following step would be to improve financial development and development by adopting policies that enable or encourage international trade patterns that reflect water scarcity. Nevertheless, this kind of a step demands careful thing to consider of various fundamental issues and national objectives, including problems of nationwide and food protection, economic growth, and quality of existence.

In this context, governments may opt for further promotion of virtual water imports to alleviate their water difficulties, and therefore significantly altering cropping patterns. Accordingly, the government would need to focus on establishing viable and powerful industrial and services sectors to fund the purchases of virtual drinking water from the international marketplace (Yang and Zhender 2002).


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